Disorders of impulse control

Abstract

In this chapter, we review research and theory across several different conditions that appear to have in common deficits in impulse control. The construct of disorders of impulse control is similar to disinhibitory psychopathology, a term used by Gorenstein and Newman (1980) and Sher and Trull (1994), as well as to the term externalizing psychopathology, employed by Achenbach, Krueger, and others (Achenbach, 1995; Krueger, Markon, Patrick, Benning, & Kramer, 2007), to describe a range of conditions over the life span characterized by a failure of self-control and/or excessive reward-seeking. The unifying themes across these related yet distinct conditions include deficits in inhibition and excesses in rule-breaking or normviolating behavior. The chapter focuses on a select subset of clinical disorders, specifically substance use disorders and pathological gambling. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)

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