Hardiness is negatively related to gambling


In previous research, hardiness has been shown to be positively related to good performance, well-being, and sense of fulfillment. The relevant samples have included college students, working adults, and military and safety personnel. The present study expands this pattern, by showing that hardiness is negatively related to gambling behavior. In this context, gambling behavior is considered an example of avoidance (rather than problem-solving) coping with the ongoing stresses of living.

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