Research in the field of gambling has expanded significantly over the past 10 years, yet there remains very little research on modifiable behavioural and social environmental factors contributing to the development of problem gambling and gambling-related harms.
In this context, risk factors are behavioural or social environmental factors that are associated with a higher likelihood of negative or socially undesirable outcomes, such as problem gambling. On the other hand, protective factors are
those associated with a lower likelihood of problem gambling, or which modify the influence of risk factors (Carlo et al., 2011).
The research presented herein addresses two separate but related research objectives which focus on understanding the protective impact of the social environmental system on problem gambling and gambling-related harms:
Part A investigates the relationship between problem gambling and internalising symptoms (anxiety and depression), and examines the common and specific social environmental protective factors for these comorbid conditions.
Part B investigates longitudinal problem gambling patterns and examines the social environmental.