This report is the fifth in a survey series that was first undertaken in 1985. The survey series examines people's participation in gambling activities in New Zealand, looking at the frequency of participation; expenditure on gambling; reasons for playing; and beliefs about the gambling activities. The survey series also investigates public attitudes to gambling. This research looks at factors that people think should guide gambling legislation; desirability of gambling activities; and satisfaction with the distribution of profits from gambling. The report presents the findings from a randomly selected sample of 1,672 people aged 15 years and over living in private households, who were interviewed face-to-face between April and May 2005. The survey has been updated at five-yearly intervals since 1985 with surveys conducted in 1990, 1995, 2000 and most recently 2005.