Addiction is marked by repeating a certain behavior while ignoring the potential physical or mental consequences. Non-substance addiction provides an ideal model for researching the emergence and development of addiction’s basic mechanism. Comparative studies of substance and non-substance addiction are helpful to reveal the common basis of addiction development. This article explores this topic from a psychological angle, touching upon sensation seeking, inhibitory control, attentional bias, inter-temporal choice and environment. A review of previous literature urges future research to propose a bio-psychosocial model of addiction and consider addiction’s effect on basic cognitive function alongside cognitive neuroscience technology.